RD Recommendation: Added sugars are to be eaten in moderation not to exceed 5-10% of total dietary intake in order to assure consumption of essential nutrients and to help prevent chronic disease. The following are tips for maintaining appropriate sugar intake:
- The 90/10 rule- eat healthy foods full of nutrients at least 90% of the time and eat treats or foods high in fat and sugar no more than 10% of the time.
- Save high sugar foods or treats for holiday celebrations and special occasions rather than general everyday use.
- Drink only 100% juice and do not give to children until after the age of 1 (1,7).
- Limit juice intake to 1/2 - 3/4 cup daily from age 1-7 years old and 1 - 1 1/2 cups daily from 7 years of age into adulthood (6,7).
- Omit or restrict to occasional use all other sugary beverages including soda pop, energy drinks and sports drinks (5,6,7).
- Dental cavities (1,6)
- Obesity (3,5)
- Insulin resistance (3)
- Heart disease (3)
- US Department of Agriculture, US Department of Health and Human Services. Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. http://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2010/dietaryguidelines2010.pdf. Accessed September 12,2013.
- Briefel RR, Wilson A, Cabili C, Dodd AH. Reducing Calories and Added Sugars by Improving Children’s Beverage Choices. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013;113:269-275.
- Kosova EC, Auinger P, Bremer AA. The Relationships between Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake and Cardiometabolic Markers in Young Children. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013;113:219-227.
- Ruottinen S, Niinikoski H, Lagstro¨m H, et.al. High Sucrose Intake Is Associated With Poor Quality of Diet and Growth Between 13 Months and 9 Years of Age: The Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project. Pediatrics. 2008;121(6):1676-85.
- DeBoer MD, Scharf RJ, Demmer RT. Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Weight Gain in 2- to 5-Year-Old Children. Pediatrics. 2013; 132(3): 413-20.
- Marshall TA, Levy SM, Broffitt B, Warren JJ, et al. Dental Caries and Beverage Consumption in Young Children. Pediatrics. 2003; 112(3): 184-191.
- Gidding SS, Dennison BA, Birch LL, et.al. Dietary Recommendations for Children and Adolescents: A Guide for Practitioners. Pediatrics. 2006; 117(2):544-59.